Microdermabrasion: What is it and how does it work?

Microdermabrasion has become very popular over the last decade. The reason is that this gentle, effecting, and non-invasive procedure is many benefits. It’s non-inflammatory and is generally safe, even for those with sensitive, dry, or combination skin. 

How does microdermabrasion work? 

The outer layer of dead skin cells can cause fine lines and wrinkles to form and also cause sun damage. The fine lines and wrinkles will eventually become deeper and more apparent as time goes on if you don’t do something about it.

This is where you might consider microdermabrasion.

Microdermabrasion consists of using small crystal particles to exfoliate your skin and draw out impurities and debris. It utilizes no acids or chemicals and isn’t invasive. The process quickly removes the dry and dead outer layer of your skin, revealing beautiful, fresh skin beneath. 

Microdermabrasion works by improving the production of collagen, the connective tissue that gives skin its elasticity. Collagen helps to cushion your skin when it is stretched, and it is the primary force behind the visible elasticity in your skin. 

When it is stimulated, collagen will be produced and the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles will become less noticeable.

What should you do before microdermabrasion?

Since microdermabrasion is a non-surgical procedure, there’s very little to prepare for. 

First, it’s best to discuss with a skincare professional any skin concerns you might have. Discuss if you’ve undergone past cosmetic procedures and surgeries. Also, disclose any allergies and medical conditions. This is so your skincare professional can assess whether microdermabrasion is right for you. 

A week before the treatment, you might be advised to avoid excessive sun exposure, tanning creams, and waxing, as well as, exfoliating creams and masks. Right before the start of the procedure, remove makeup and thoroughly clean your face. 

How does microdermabrasion work? 


Microdermabrasion is typically performed by a medical personnel in-office. The procedure typically takes an hour and anesthesia or numbing agents are not necessary. 

Your healthcare provider will sit you in a reclining chair and will use a handheld device to gently spray away the outer layer of the skin of your desired area. At the end of the procedure, moisturizer and sunscreen will be applied to the skin. 

The result is smoother facial skin with a more even and refreshed appearance. The process also exfoliates your pores, which results in healthier-looking skin. 

You will likely see noticeable improvements for age-related problems, wrinkles, and sun damage. Many people notice smooth, rejuvenated, and younger-looking skin types after microdermabrasion treatments.

Does it hurt?

Unlike many other types of facial exfoliation, microdermabrasion does not normally sting. However, if you have sensitive skin, you may need to take an aspirin or other pain medications after the treatment. 

If you experience redness or a peeling rash, however, you should call your doctor immediately. Rare side effects include excessive skin swelling or irritation, temporary bruising or swelling of the lymph nodes near the treatment site, or allergic reactions to the microdermabrasion chemicals. 

These should go away shortly but may last for several days or weeks.

What to do after microdermabrasion?

You can expect to be back to your daily activities almost immediately. Your healthcare provider might advise you to keep your skin hydrated and to use gentle and mild skin care products. Since the skin can be sensitive, avoid sun exposure by slathering your skin with sunscreen. 

There will be noticeable results right after the procedure. However, if you have a desired result in mind, it might be a few more microdermabrasion sessions that your medical personnel will plan out for you. 

How much does it cost?

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, the average cost of a microdermabrasion procedure in 2020 is $167. This does not include any other related expenses. 

The total cost will vary, depending on your provider’s fee and your location. Since it’s a cosmetic procedure, medical insurance usually doesn’t cover the cost. 


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